Periodontal disease treatment involves the treatment of gum disease usually caused by plaque – a sticky film of bacteria that constantly forms on teeth. If plaque is not removed with thorough daily brushing and cleaning between teeth, gums become irritated and inflamed.
The irritated gum tissue can separate from the teeth and form spaces called pockets. Bacteria move into the pockets where they continue to promote irritation. Left untreated, the process can continue until the bone and other tooth-supporting tissues are destroyed.
The early stage of periodontal disease is called gingivitis. Oral bacteria and food particles collect on your teeth forming a sticky substance called plaque. If you don’t brush and floss your teeth regularly, this plaque can harden onto your teeth and will become tartar or calculus. The longer the plaque and tartar remain on your teeth the more damaging they can become.
The signs of gingivitis you should watch out for are redness, bleeding and inflammation of your gums – these can usually be treated with professional dental cleaning and improved home care.
If gingivitis left to progress, periodontitis or periodontal disease happens. This is the time when oral bacteria and the toxins they produce cause severe inflammation in the structures that hold our teeth in place.
Without proper treatment, periodontal disease leads to the loss of the gum attachment to your tooth and formation of pockets around your teeth. As these gum pockets form and continue to deepen down the side of your teeth, the oral bacteria will get more aggressive and destructive.
As your teeth continue to lose their natural attachment to the gums and bone, your teeth will become loose and eventually result in complete tooth loss.
Treatment of periodontal disease
There are different treatments for periodontal disease, including but not limited to:
- Scaling and root planing – this process removes bacteria and tartar from periodontal pockets and smoothens tooth surfaces to discourage new bacterial growth
- Periodontal maintenance – this removes tartar and disrupts bacterial colonization in periodontal pockets on a regular schedule, typically after the scaling and root planing treatment have been completed
- Arestin – a nonsurgical antibacterial agent applied to promote healing after periodontal treatment
The success of periodontal disease treatments is dependent on you having the information and skills you need to keep your teeth clean between dental visits. Having a good understanding on your condition and implementing new oral hygiene strategies are essential to improving your periodontal health.
If you fear you have signs and symptoms of periodontal disease, contact us today to schedule your appointment.